Introduction & Updates in National Landscape
The Golden Dawn trial in the Court of Appeals is regularly underway. The two former lieutenants of Michaloliakos, Ilias Kasidiaris and Ioannis Lagos, now each of them being the informal (due to electoral law restrictions) head of their own parties, are trying to turn the hearings into a platform for their message.
Pro Patria, a street neo-Nazi group, held a “training camp” from 7 to 9 October 2022. Images they have shared on Telegram depict scenes of training, similar to those of the old Golden Dawn cell of Nikaia. That cell was responsible for many attacks, among them, the murder of antifascist rapper Pavlos Fyssas in 2013 that led to dismemberment of G.D. This similarity is a strong indicator that Pro Patria might try to carry on the legacy of coordinated fascist attacks, handed down by the decades-long, organized violence by Golden Dawn.
Transnational Activities & Group Interactions
As there have been no real developments in the transnational level during October 2022, such as public events, meetings or other activities, the Greek far-right groups seem to be simply maintaining and not expanding their occassional connections to far-right groups in other European countries (see previous months’ reports).
The two far-right parties holding seats in the European Parliament is ELASYN (the party founded by former Golden Dawn local head and MEP, Ioannis Lagos) and Greek Solution (MEP Emmanouil Fragkos. Athanasios Konstantinou is also a far-right MEP, elected with Golden Dawn in 2019, but he has been independent since August 2020.